In Japan, the widespread small cars of various types. Their share in the sale of all types of cars is about 30%. Its prevalence cars with engines in working volume of 660 cm3 and dimensions not exceeding 3.40 x1, 48h 2, 00 m, largely due to a loyal tax rates on their own. Tax net in this case includes the amount of the tax to more than 5 times smaller than that of a car with a large engine and external dimensions.
Interestingly, in the category of up to 660 cm3, along with cars, Japanese auto companies producing and commercial vehicles – trucks and mini vans. And none of them are familiar to the “cargo” segment brands such as: Isuzu, Hino, Fuso, UD.
Release of super small trucks do companies fully or partially specialized in the production of small cars: Daihatsu, Suzuki, Honda, Mitsubishi. Machines in this category, practically exported from Japan.
Specifications and features small trucks of all Japanese brands are very similar. Traditionally, the power unit is a three-cylinder gasoline engine with water cooling and a working volume of about 660 cm3. The engine power range from 43 to 50 hp The energy from the engine is transmitted through the five-speed manual transmission or three-step “automatic”.
The maximum sizes of bodies like the following: 1.95 x 1.41 m increase long load boards have no place – on the one hand, to get into the category of small vehicles require total length up to 3.4 m, and on the other, the length of the cabin also is extremely reduced , and the front overhang is minimal. Maximum gross weight does not exceed 1300 kg, and the load capacity of 350 kg flatbed.
All the Japanese manufacturers of these vehicles offer the following main body:
- Side body having a maximum length of 1.95 m and a width of 1.41 m at a different height boards from 0.12 to 0.6 m and a capacity of 350 kg. Body board often equipped hydro lifting table instead of the rear side;
- Dump Body;
- Wagons with a tented top for ease of construction;
- Refrigerated and insulated vans, maintaining a temperature range of -5 to 20 and the size of the next order: 1775x1335x1210 mm. In addition to the back door for easy access, there is also an additional side (sliding or hinged);
- Tank capacity of 437.5 liters.
Often small trucks in Japan are available in all-wheel drive versions. Most models have ABS, 2 AirBag. Wheel rim size is 12 or 13 inches.
What makes the small trucks operate?
There are several reasons. Excellent maneuverability in the city (with a wheelbase of 2300 mm radius of 3.8 m) is an advantage when performing emergency operations commercials. Access to the cargo area is more convenient than competing types of vehicles: minivans and station wagons. Small truck manufacturers in their advertising often provide concrete examples of capacity. For example, at a time can be loaded: 40 twenty liter jerry cans (335x196x425 mm) or 52 boxes of fruit (520x360x310 mm). Such use of the truck services Man and a van London for Home relocations.
Low fuel consumption and the fuel tank capacity of 40 liters can travel without refueling significant distance.
If we do not take into account the intimate salon frankly, we can say that these trucks in terms of finish and level of equipment quite comfortable. Standard equipment complements a wide range of accessories and devices, which include a roof rack, allow to carry an additional 30 kg of cargo.
Basic differences between models of different small trucks Japanese manufacturers do not. Currently, the class represented by the model in Japan: Daihatsu HiJet, Honda Acty, Mitsubishi Minicab, Suzuki Carry. The last of these models offers a Mazda Scrum under its own name.